The guerrilla force is largely or entirely organized in small units that are dependent on the support of the local population. Tactically, the guerril
The guerrilla force is largely or entirely organized in small units that are dependent on the support of the local population. Tactically, the guerrilla army makes the repetitive attacks far from the opponent’s center of gravity with a view to keeping its own casualties political strategy and tactics a practical guide pdf a minimum and imposing a constant debilitating strain on the enemy. This may provoke the enemy into a brutal, excessively destructive response which will both anger their own supporters and increase support for the guerrillas, ultimately compelling the enemy to withdraw.
On the low end are small-scale raids, ambushes and attacks. In the modern era they continue with the operations of insurgent, revolutionary and terrorist groups. The upper end is composed of a fully integrated political-military strategy, comprising both large and small units, engaging in constantly shifting mobile warfare, both on the low-end “guerrilla” scale, and that of large, mobile formations with modern arms. The latter phase came to fullest expression in the operations of Mao Zedong in China and Vo Nguyen Giap in Vietnam. In between are a large variety of situations – from the wars waged against Israel by Palestinian irregulars in the contemporary era, to Spanish and Portuguese irregulars operating with the conventional units of British General Wellington, during the Peninsular War against Napoleon. Based on their level of sophistication and organization, they can shift between all these modes as the situation demands.
Successful guerrilla warfare is flexible, not static. The classic “3-phase” Maoist model as adapted by North Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh and Vo Nugyen Giap. Theory of People’s War divides warfare into three phases. In Phase Two, escalating attacks are launched against the government’s military forces and vital institutions.