Erik erikson theory of development stages pdf

All stages are present at birth but only begin to unfold according to both a natural scheme and one's ecological and cultural upbringing. In erik erik

All stages are present at birth but only begin to unfold according to both a natural scheme and one’s ecological and cultural upbringing. In erik erikson theory of development stages pdf stage, the person confronts, and hopefully masters, new challenges.

Each stage builds upon the successful completion of earlier stages. The challenges of stages not successfully completed may be expected to reappear as problems in the future. However, mastery of a stage is not required to advance to the next stage. The outcome of one stage is not permanent and can be modified by later experiences. Erikson’s stage theory characterizes an individual advancing through the eight life stages as a function of negotiating his or her biological forces and sociocultural forces. Can I trust the world?

Is it okay to be me? Is it okay for me to do, move, and act? Can I make it in the world of people and things? Can I make my life count? Is it okay to have been me?

Existential Question: Can I Trust the World? The first stage of Erik Erikson’s theory centers around the infant’s basic needs being met by the parents and this interaction leading to trust or mistrust. Trust as defined by Erikson is “an essential trustfulness of others as well as a fundamental sense of one’s own trustworthiness. The infant depends on the parents, especially the mother, for sustenance and comfort. The child’s relative understanding of world and society come from the parents and their interaction with the child. If the parents expose the child to warmth, regularity, and dependable affection, the infant’s view of the world will be one of trust. Development of mistrust can lead to feelings of frustration, suspicion, withdrawal, and a lack of confidence.