Confessions of a public speaker pdf free download

Defines the ladder of abstraction, provides examples, and gives practical confessions of a public speaker pdf free download for speakers to use it. Pl

Defines the ladder of abstraction, provides examples, and gives practical confessions of a public speaker pdf free download for speakers to use it. Please provide your email address.

Thank you for subscribing to Six Minutes. You must click the activation link in the verification email. Experience without theory is blind, but theory without experience is mere intellectual play. Speakers who bury audiences in an avalanche of data without providing the significance. Speakers who discuss theories and ideals, completely detached from real-world practicalities. Both of these speakers fail because they don’t understand the ladder of abstraction.

Then, we explore specific strategies that you can apply to improve the balance and understanding in your presentations. What is the Ladder of Abstraction? The ladder of abstraction is a concept created by American linguist S. It describes the way that humans think and communicate in varying degrees of abstraction.

Consider a ladder like the one in the image accompanying this article. In varying contexts, any of these concepts may be appropriate. Farm children most likely think in highly concrete terms, referring to the cow with the bell on her neck as Bessie. At feeding time, the farmer probably thinks in terms of cows and livestock. When selling the farm, Bessie and the other cows are thought of in terms of farm assets which ultimately equate to wealth.